He was also found guilty of obstructing justice during police investigations into an explosion at Bologna train station in 1980 in which 85 people were killed. He later escaped from house arrest and fled to Switzerland.In 1995, a judge linked Gelli with a 1970 plot to instigate a military coup in Italy, but the case was dropped because it was outside the statute of limitations.The P2 was also accused of attempting to halt efforts to save former prime minister Aldo Moro, who was murdered by the Red Brigades leftist group in 1978 after being held hostage for 55 days.Born in 1919, Gelli was a supporter of Benito Mussolini and volunteered to fight for Francisco Franco in the Spanish Civil War. He joined the freemasons in the 1960s and founded P2 in 1970. A list of alleged members was later discovered by Italian police — with one of those on the list being Silvio Berlusconi, a future prime minister.“I am a fascist and will die a fascist,” Gelli said at a news conference in 1999. Licio Gelli, the mastermind behind a notorious Italian masonic lodge with links to some of Italy’s biggest scandals of the 20th century, has died at the age of 96.Gelli was at the “grandmaster” of the shadowy Propaganda Two (P2), whose activities were exposed in 1981 and which was accused of conspiring with right-wing extremists and the mafia to undermine Italian governments.Gelli was sentenced to 12 years in jail for fraud linked to the collapse of Banco Ambrosiano whose boss, Roberto Calvi — known as “God’s banker” because of his links to the Vatican — was found hanged under a bridge in London in 1982. However, he served little time behind bars.
Recording meetings between a man convicted of terrorist offences and his lawyers was justified, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) has said in a ruling that could have far-reaching implications for the confidentiality of lawyer-client relationships.The Strasbourg ruling, in Öcalan v Turkey, a case concerning militant leader Abdullah Öcalan, was based on the reasoning that national authorities should be able to impose ‘lawful restrictions’ on people charged with terrorist activities when such restrictions are ‘strictly necessary to protect society against violence’.However the Law Society’s human rights committee is concerned that, if left unchallenged, the decision could undermine legal professional privilege in countries subject to the European Convention on Human Rights.The UN Basic Principles on the Rules for Lawyers compel governments to recognise the confidentiality of lawyer-client communications.Professor Sara Chandler, chair of the committee, said: ‘As it stands, the ECtHR decision allows legal professional privilege to be ignored in circumstances where the state expresses the view that confidentiality may lead to the commission of violent crimes.’This stance is open to misuse by governments and, while the protection of society from violence must be paramount, respect for privileged communications between lawyers and their clients is essential except in the most extreme circumstances.‘This exception by the ECtHR to allow a government to record a lawyer-client meeting unfairly identifies the lawyer with the client’s activities, and, to an extent, undermines the UN Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers.‘We are hopeful that this decision will be reviewed by the Grand Chamber of the ECtHR so that more detailed consideration is given to the issue of when, if ever, legal professional privilege can be compromised.’
GERMANY: The Hannover, Niedersachsen and Westfalen-Lippe transport authorities have jointly selected incumbent DB Regio to operate Hannover S-Bahn services from December 2012. The contract runs for eight years and covers the operation of around 8·5 million train–km a year on seven routes.Along with Bremen, the authorities have also selected DB Regio to operated RE-Kreuz Bremen services from Norddeich Mole to Bremen and Hannover and between Bremerhaven and Osnabrück. The contract covering 5·9 million train-km a year is being awarded directly and runs for nine years from December 2013.
Shabika Gajnabi blistered an unbeaten double ton before rain had the final say in Berbice’s opening encounter of the Guyana Cricket Board/Superbet 50-over senior female Inter-County tournament, while Demerara decimated an unmatched Essequibo yesterday. The out-of-favour West Indies all-rounder clobbered 215 not out as the defending champions raced to a mammoth 412 in 38 overs against the Select Under-19s before the rain forced an abandonment of the match at the Everest Cricket Club.After winning the toss and electing to bat, Berbice lost Mariam Samaroo for just eight with the score on 38, which brought Gajnabi to the middle.The former national under-19 skipper then went on to forge an unbroken fourth wicket stand of 176 with Tremayne Smartt, who raced to 64 not out, which was laced with nine boundaries. During her innings, Gajnabi carved 25 fours and six sixes and also added 141 for the third wicket with Sherika Campbelle (39) and 57 for the second wicket alongside Katina Mentore (25).Under-19 spinner Jamie Campbelle picked up two for 76.Meanwhile, at the Enmore Community Centre ground, Demerara defeated Essequibo by nine wickets in a one-sided affair. Essequibo were invited to bat and were routed for 18, seven of which were extras, in just 13.3 overs.Off-spinner Mandy Mangru led the routing, picking up five for two in 21 deliveries. The 19-year-old was supported by her skipper, Akaze Thompson, who returned three for nine in five overs.Mangru returned to pilot the chase with six not out while Latoya Smith made seven not out as Demerara reached 21 for one in 3.2 overs. Earlier at the launching of the tournament at Everest, Secretary of the GCB Anand Sanasie expressed his delight in SuperBet’s interest in sponsoring such an important component of cricket development. He said that the GCB continues to examine ways of advancing all aspects of cricket development, administration and promotion of the players and the game.Sanasie emphasised that female cricket continues to be high on the GCB’s agenda and remarked that the Board’s new marketing committee has been very proactive in seeking corporate Guyana’s partnership in the growth of the sport.He complimented SuperBet for their inaugural sponsorship, while indicating his hope for continued partnership. Sanasie hinted that SuperBet may be extending their sponsorship for the Guyana Women team in the upcoming CWI Regional Women Tournament. Speaking on behalf of SuperBet, Marketing Assistant Nickoli Primo praised the GCB and he highlighted the company’s profound interest in collaborating on such a venture, which has immense potential to enhance the cricketing lives of those involved; the U-19 girls and senior female players. He indicated that the two entities have the capacities and abilities to transform the management of female cricket, to the extent that those participating females can reap great rewards.